• Inna Klimova Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University, Ukraine



food security, availability of food projects, agricultural products, principles of food security formation, coronavirus.


The article addresses the issue of food security from an economic standpoint, its main components are defined and characterized, the importance of its development is proved. The provision of food products is proved to be a central element of food security, four constituents of its structure are emphasized. The provision of food products is identified in three forms. Physical provision implies easy availability of essential products in the consumer market, economic provision includes the financial ability to obtain, and social provision defines minimal differentiation in consumption of major product groups among various segments of the population.

It has been found out that exploring possibilities of improving the living standard as well as solving practically all key functioning problems of the agro-industrial complex are focused on providing the population of the country with food. In this regard, food security holds a significant place in the life support of the society, since food availability serves as an essential condition for human livelihood. The basic mechanisms used by the state to ensure food security are discussed.  Favorable conditions, under which stable food security of the country and the region is possible, have been established.

The definition of the country's food security at the macroeconomic and microeconomic levels is presented. National features and threats to the impact of food security are reviewed.

It has been discussed that biological balancing, physical and economic food provision are crucial factors when ensuring individual and family food security for citizens of the country, regions, households and society as a whole. The main issues that may or already occur during quarantine are outlined along with the problems that agrarian manufacturers may face in a pandemic.



Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda of Sustainable Development (2015). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015. Retrieved from : [in English].

Volchenko, N. V. (2014). Prodovolcha bezpeka: teoretychni aspekty ta realii sohodennia [Food security: theoretical aspects and realities of today]. Systema natsionalnoho menedzhmentu v konteksti intehratsiinoho vymiru ‒ National management system in the context of integration dimension (pp. 38-57). Sumy: PP Vinnychenko, FOP Lytovchenko [in Ukrainian].

Haydutskyy, P. I. (2005). Ukrayini potribna nova ahrarna polityka [Ukraine needs a new agricultural policy]. Ekonomika APK ‒ The Economy of Agro-Industrial Complex, 10, 3-7 [in Ukrainian].

Kuzo, R. M. (2015). Prodovolcha bezpeka yak priorytet ahrarnoi polityky [Food security as a priority in agricultural policy]. Suchasni vyklyky prodovolchoi bezpeky ‒ Modern food security challenges: Proceedings of the Round Table. Lviv: Lvivskyi NAU, 38-41. [in Ukrainian].

Lypchuk. V. V. (2015). Suchasni vyklyky prodovolchoi bezpeky [Modern challenges of food security]. Suchasni vyklyky prodovolchoi bezpeky ‒ Modern food security challenges: Proceedings of the Round Table. Lviv: Lvivskyi NAU, 4-6. [in Ukrainian].

Paskhaver, B.I. (2014). Suchasnyi stan prodovolchoi bezpeky [The current state of food security]. Ekonomika APK ‒ The Economy of Agro-Industrial Complex, 4, 5-12 [in Ukrainian].

Sabluk, P.T., Kaletnik, H.M., Kvasha, S.M., Vlasov, V.I., & Lysak, M.A. (2011). Natsionalna doktryna prodovolchoi bezpeky Ukrainy (proekt) [National Doctrine of Food Security of Ukraine (draft)]. Ekonomika APK ‒ The Economy of Agro-Industrial Complex, 8, 3-11 [in Ukrainian].

Syrotiuk. H. V. (2015) Prodovolcha bezpeka – skladova ekonomichnoi bezpeky [Food security - economic security component]. Suchasni vyklyky prodovolchoi bezpeky ‒ Modern food security challenges: Proceedings of the Round Table. Lviv: Lvivskyi NAU, 64-67 [in Ukrainian].

Postanova Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy Pro pryiniattia za osnovu proektu Zakonu Ukrainy pro prodovolchu bezpeku Ukrainy. [Resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine On Adoption of the Bill of Ukraine on Food Security of Ukraine as the Basis]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http: show/3498-vi [in Ukrainian].

Ulianchenko, A. V., & Prozorova, N.V. (2014). Prodovolcha bezpeka – osnova natsionalnoi bezpeky derzhavy [Food security - the basis of national security of the state]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Shevchenko, N. O. (2011). Prodovolcha bezpeka yak politychnyi ta ekonomichnyi priorytet derzhavy. [Food security as a political and economic priority states]. Investytsiyi: praktyka ta dosvid. ‒ Investment: practice and experience, 3, 111-113 [in Ukrainian].

Koronavirus-2020 ta kharchova bezpeka: chy bude ukraina z prodovolstvom, a biznes iz hryvneiu [Coronavirus 2020 and Food Security: Will Ukraine Be Food and Business with Hryvnia]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Teslenko, Ihor (2020). Shcho my budemo yisty? Chy zahrozhuiut Ukraini problemy z postachanniam produktiv u period pandemii [What are we going to eat? Does Ukraine have problems with the supply of products during the pandemic?]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

The economist intelligence unit: the global food security index 2018. [in English].