• Inna Klimova
  • Snizhana Nikodyuk



external migration processes, labor resources, external labor migration, factors of migration, causes of migration, remittances of migrants, labor migrants.


The article is devoted to the study of the main indicators of the Ukrainian labor market and the phenomenon of labor migration to the countries of the European Union and the world in general. The peculiarity of this situation and migration policy in our country consists in Ukraine acting simultaneously as the country of origin, destination and transit of migrants. On the one hand, this leads to many problems occurring, on the other hand, it is opening up new opportunities related to migration.

The basis of our research was the official statistics of the country's population movements. The analysis of supply and demand in the labor market showed that the supply level was drastically increased. However, the availability of vacancies allows us to state the dissatisfaction of potential employees with those because of their allowance. The structure of unemployment among various professional groups was also investigated.

We analyzed the directions, age groups and employment sectors of Ukrainian labor migrants. Moreover, we looked into the financial income of workers from the major labor donor countries. We discovered that the top three countries of labor migration are the Philippines, Pakistan and Ukraine. According to the results of the study of financial revenues, it is found that long-term migrants' transfers to Ukraine make up almost half of the households’ budget.

It has also been ascertained that the uncontrolled arrival of workers from abroad increases competition in the national labor market, which may cause a decrease in real wages and an increase in unemployment. Illegal staying of foreigners, and especially them working here, provokes the development of criminal structures, undermining the legal system. Also, foreign migrants who are not cared for by their native country can become an additional burden on the host country's social system.



Fedyuk, O., Kindler, M. (2016). Ukrainian Migration to the European Union Vyd-vo Springer International Publishing [in English].

Mizhnarodna orhanizatsiia z mihratsii (MOM) (2016). Mihratsiia yak chynnyk rozvytku v Ukraini. Doslidzhennia ta dialoh shchodo polityky u sferi mihratsii i hroshovykh perekaziv v Ukraini [Migration as a factor of development in Ukraine. Research and dialogue on migration policy and remittances in Ukraine] Predstavnytstvo v Ukraini, Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Malynovska, O. (Ed.). Mihratsiia v Ukraini: fakty i tsyfry (2016). Kyiv, Mizhnarodna orhanizatsiia z mihratsii [in Ukrainian].

Kukurudza, I. I., & Romashchenko, T. I. (2012). Ukraina u svitovykh protsesakh trudovoi mihratsii [Ukraine in the world processes of labor migration]. Cherkasy, ChNU imeni Bohdana Khmelnytskoho [in Ukrainian].

Popa, A. (Eds.). (2013). Doslidzhennia ta analiz vakansii i potreb u kvalifikovanykh kadrakh u krainakh YeS, Respublitsi Moldova ta v Ukraini

[Research and analysis of vacancies and skills needs in the EU, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine]. Budapesht, Mizhnarodna orhanizatsiia pratsi, Hrupa tekhnichnoi pidtrymky z pytan hidnoi pratsi ta Biuro MOP dlia krain Tsentralnoi ta Skhidnoi Yevropy [in Ukrainian].

Bilokudria, A. V. (2013). Problemy zainiatosti ta vidtvorennia robochoi syly v Ukraini [Problems of Employment and Workforce Reproduction in Ukraine]. Upravlinnia rozvytkom ‒ Development Management, 14 (154), 42–45 [in Ukrainian].

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, The World Bank (2016). Migration and Remittances Factbook. Washington, DC [in English].

Sait Natsionalʹnoho banku Ukrayiny, Departament statystyky ta zvitnosti, upravlinnya statystyky zovnishnʹoho sektoru (2017). Ohliad pryvatnykh hroshovykh perekaziv v Ukrainu v 2016 rotsi [Sayt of of the National Bank of Ukraine] Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].